Treatment outcome of tuberculosis patients registered at dots centre in a teaching hospital, south india
Authors:Int J Biol Med Res. 2011; 2(2): 487-489
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Aims: To study the treatment outcome of tuberculosis patients under Directly Observed Therapy Short course (DOTS) and to determine the risk factors affecting the treatment outcome of tuberculosis.
Methods: This descriptive study of data analysis was carried out in district hospital, Hassan, Karnataka, South India. The patients registered from January to December 2008 were included in this study. Data of their treatment outcome was analyzed using standard statistical methods.
Results: The study included 181 patients among them males were 123(67.4%) and females were 58(32.6%). Out of 181subjects 116 (65%) patients had pulmonary tuberculosis and 65(35%) patients had extra pulmonary tuberculosis. Treatment outcome among total 181 subjects was, 64 (84.2%) patients got cured, four (2%) patients were treatment failure, eleven (6%) patients died and fifteen (8%) were treatment defaulters. Treatment Success rate was 83.4 % (151 out of 181) which included the outcome of smear negative pulmonary tuberculosis and extrapulmonary tuberculosis.
Conclusion: Cure rate among New Smear Positive (NSP) patients and retreatment patients was 84% and 83% respectively. The performance of TB Control Programme at a teaching hospital in year 2008 was on par with Revised Tuberculosis Control Program (RNTCP) norm, but treatment success rate of 83.4% was less than the RNTCP norm. This was due to irregular treatment, defaulting, alcoholism and human immunodeficiency virus co infection.