Study of anthropometric parameters in young healthy individuals having parental history of hypertension: a study conducted on college going adolescents

Authors:Sanjay Choudhary, Smrutiranjan Nayak , Varun Gaiki , Meenakshi Khapre, Abhay Mudey, Vasant Wagh
Int J Biol Med Res. 2011; 2(2): 547 – 550  |  PDF File

Abstract

Background: Treatment of hypertension has been shown to prevent CVD and to extend and enhance life; but hypertension still remains inadequately managed. So there lies the importance of primary prevention but to who it be cost effectively applied is not clear. A cross-sectional study was conducted in a Junior college where a group of 150 students having parental History of Hypertension constituted the study group while age and sex matched group of 150 students with no parental history of Hypertension constituted the control group. Methods: Participants were evaluated according to pre-designed protocol with anthropometric parameters like height in cm, weight in kg, body mass index, waist hip ratio, skin fold thickness. Results: Of the 300 persons studied 63% were male and 37% female. 49%, 51% of males and females respectively had history of hypertensive parents. The proportion of male and female with BMI 25 or more was significantly higher in those with parental history of hypertension than those without it. A significantly higher proportion (58.06%) of males and females (52.63) with history of hypertensive parents had WHR more than cut off value. Triceps skin fold thickness was 1.0 mm greater in both sexes with a positive parental history of hypertension. Conclusion: All the above anthropometric parameter were associated with the parental history of hypertension