Respiratory health status of rural and urban school children from nagpur region

Authors:A E Thakare , Tajne Vijaya D
Int J Biol Med Res. 2011; 2(3): 664-667  |  PDF File

Abstract

Background: Exposure to air pollution due to automobile exhaust has shown decrements in pulmonary function in school children. Levels of air pollution in the regions where the children live are predictors for their PFT parameters Methods: Present study was under taken to asses PFT parameters in 220 school children(110 boys and 110girls) of 6-to-15 years of age group randomly selected from urban school in Nagpur city and a rural school distant from Nagpur representing mixed socioeconomic group of Maharashtrian ethnicity living in differing levels of air pollution. Both groups were subjected to PFT after recording basic anthropometric parameters. Statistical analysis was done deriving mean SD and applying student’s‘t’ test where ever necessary. Results: The results indicated significantly higher FVC, FEV1, and PEFR in rural boys (1.891±0.93*, 1.752±0.805*, 3.962±1.762*) as compared to urban boys (1.466±0.737*, 1.353±0.657*, 3.162±1.708) and higher values for these parameters in rural girls (1.640±0.666*, 3.953±1.496*, 1.586±0.622*)than in urban girls (1.399±0.635, 1.240±0.548, 3.475±1.312) study subjects as compared to their urban counterparts. Conclusions: Thus it can concluded that Pulmonary function in school children is better in rural areas than in highly polluted urban areas because of less vehicular traffic in rural areas and better environmental condition. Residence in rural area has certain respiratory health advantage.