Effect of sedentary life style on anthropometric and cardiovascular parameters
Authors:Int J Biol Med Res. 2011; 2(4): 846 - 851
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AIMS: - Increasing sedentary lifestyle combined with the growing use of technology in daily life is causing higher levels of physical inactivity among persons of all ages, both in developed and developing countries. Sedentary lifestyle leads to a widening physical activity gap, an imbalance between the need and realization of physical activity that is necessary for the attainment and maintenance of good health and functional capacity. Therefore, this study was undertaken to analyze the differences in certain anthropometric and cardiovascular parameters in sedentary and non-sedentary female subjects in the age group of 25-55 years.
METHODS: - Total 105 healthy females subjects were selected randomly from the general population of Davangere city. Out of which 47 were sedentary and 58 were non-sedentary subjects. Anthropometric parameters such as weight, height, body mass index, waist circumference, hip circumference, waist to hip ratio were assessed. Cardiovascular parameters such as pulse rate, blood pressure were also assessed.
RESULTS: - In our study, there was statistically significant increase in anthropometric and cardiovascular parameters in sedentary subjects compared to non-sedentary subjects.
CONCLUSION: - This review provides clear evidence that low levels of physical activity are associated with an increased risk of weight gain and significant increase in blood pressure. Although our study is by no means exhaustive, it provides a glimpse into the variety of adaptations /alterations in anthropometric parameters that occurs due to sedentary life style, even in the absence of overt disease.