Incidence of congenital talipes equinovarus among children in southeast nigeria

Authors:Ukoha U , Egwu OA , Okafor IJ , Ogugua PC , Udemezue OO , Olisah R
Int J Biol Med Res. 2011; 2(3): 712-715  |  PDF File

Abstract

Congenital talipes equinovarus (CTEV)/ club foot occurs at least 2 per 1000 live births. It has two forms: syndromic and idiopathic. The objective of the study was to determine the incidence of talipes equinovarus (club foot) among children in Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, (NAUTH), Nnewi Anambra State, Nigeria. The records of 12,464 patients aged between one day – 2years were reviewed over a six year period (2004-2010). A total of 43 patients had congenital talipes equinovarus with an incidence of 3.4 per 1,000. Twenty four males (0.19%) and 19 females (0.15%) had congenital talipes equinovarus. There was statistically significant difference (P<0.05) between the incidence in males and females with the males recording a higher value.