Metabolic equivalent task score and risk factors of coronary heart disease in bank employees
Authors:Int J Biol Med Res. 2012; 3(2): 1627 – 1630
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Background: Urban population is subjected to stressful and sedentary life style. There is evidence that job characteristics may be associated with CHD, independently of the social status. A logical beginning for investigation of occupational experience would be the macro epidemiological studies .Aims: To estimate the prevalence of risk factors for coronary heart disease and to assess the physical activity by Metabolic Equivalent Task score in bank employees. Setting and Design: A cross-sectional study design for a period of one year and a total of 400 bank employees across Hubli were included in the study Methods and Materials: Total Banks in Hubli were 94, all the bank employees in the age group of 30 to 60 yrs were included in the study. Study was conducted for a period of 1year from 1st August 2009 to 30th July 2010. A pretested and structured questionnaire was used to collect data socio-demographic profile and risk factors for CHD were taken by visiting the banks. The physical activity was assessed by Metabolic Equivalent Task Score (MET) Statistical Analysis used: Data was analyzed statistically using chi-square test with level of significance at P<0.05 by using SPSS 13.0.Results: 76% of the subjects were male, 77% of subjects were in the age group of 30 to 60yrs. 4% had already developed Coronary heart disease, 10% were smokers, 4% consume alcohol, 45% were non vegetarians, 44% consume oily foods more often, 10% were diabetic, 38% were hypertensive, 81% had stressful work, 56% had family history of CHD, 67% of the subjects had BMI>25, and MET score for physical activity is less than 6 in 80% of population Conclusion: Bank employees have High prevalence of Risk Factors for Coronary Heart Disease (85% of them having >2 risk factors). Most of the Risk factors were modifiable risk factors above national average. MET Score can be used to assess the physical activity.