A study on opportunistic parasitic & fungal infections in hiv patients in rural hospital at sangareddy, andhra pradesh

Authors: k. Amruth Rao,Mr.Bilal Ahmad Mir,Siddesh.Basavaraj, Amrutha. Swati,Mr.Mohammed Shahid
Int J Biol Med Res. 2012; 3(4): 2415-2417  |  PDF File

Abstract

India has the world’s second largest burden of HIV-infected persons. People with advanced stages of HIV infection are vulnerable to secondary infections and malignancies that are generally termed as opportunistic infections. A hospital based descriptive study was conducted at MNR Hospital in the department of microbiology, MNR rural medical college sangareddy dist AP. To know the prevalence of HIV/AIDS infection among the patients attending in MNR hospital. And to diagnosis opportunistic infection associated with HIV/AIDS patients. A total of 3103 patients were screened for HIV and 71 were found HIV positive and among HIV Positive patients 30 had opportunistic infections. Diagnosis was done by three rapid HIV test kits based on different principles as recommended by NACO. Out of 71 HIV positive screened, 44 (61.97%) were male. 84.5% (60) were belonging to 21-40 years of age which is the sexually active and economically productive age group . Clinically they presented with more then one symptom, like fever 97.18% (69), loss of weight 74.64% (53), loss of appetite 61.19% (44), fatigue and malaise 45.07% (32) and diarrhea 40.84% (29) cases.the most common opportunistic infections, was 43.33% (13) candida followed by 36.67% (11) cryptosporidium parvum, 13.33% (4) Entameoba histolytic, 3.33% (1) Strongylodes stercoralis and 3.33% (1) Isospora belli respectively. To conclude our study confirms the findings that HIV seropositive individuals are prone to infections with enteric protozoan parasites belonging to both opportunistic and non opportunistic pathogens. Hence it is necessary that HIV/AIDS patients diagnostic methods.