Seroprevalence of hiv infection among tuberculosis patients in a tertiary care hospital

Authors: Kinariwala Dipa M , Shah Parevee D, Patel Sangeeta D , Trivedi Nisarg A , Solanki Hasumati , Vegad Mahendra M
Int J Biol Med Res. 2012; 3(4): 2330-2332  |  PDF File

Abstract

Introduction: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is the most powerful risk factor for the progression of Tuberculosis (TB). The interaction between HIV & TB in persons coinfected with them is bidirectional & synergistic. This study was carried out to determine the seroprevalence of HIV infection among Tuberculosis patients in a tertiary care hospital. Method: One year study of 4500 confirmed TB patients was carried out and tested for HIV antibody as per Strategy III, National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) guidelines. Results: Of the 4500 patients screened, 244 (5.42%) were HIV positive. The prevalence of co-infection was higher among males with male to female ratio of 2.34 (171/73) and highest amongst those aged 35 to 50 years. Conclusion: Present study showed HIV seroprevalence of 5.42% in tuberculosis patients. Early detection of HIV infection in TB patients will allow early access to care and treatment including ART. This will reduce death and disease among HIV-TB co-infected patients.