Diabetic foot infections

Authors:Girish M Bengalorkar, Kumar Tayur Nagendra
Int J Biol Med Res. 2011; 2(1): 453 – 460.  |  PDF File

Abstract

Foot infections are among the most common bacterial infections encountered in patients with diabetes mellitus in clinical practice. These infections and their sequelae are also the most common cause of disability and the reason for most hospital admissions among diabetic patients. The objectives in the treatment of diabetic foot infections are to avoid major limb loss and to retain function. Diabetic foot infections are predominantly polymicrobial. A combination of gram-positive and gram-negative aerobes with anaerobes is likely to be found at the site of infection. Preventing the diabetic foot using the multidisciplinary team approach is a noble step in the right direction. Early recognition of lesions and prompt initiation of appropriate antimicrobial therapy as well as surgical debridement of necrotic tissue and bone are essential for controlling the infection and preventing additional morbidity.