Morphological study of placenta in normal uncomplicated pregnancy in gujarat region

Authors:Jitendra P. Patel, Ravi D Patel, Ritesh K Shah, Sanjay D Kanani, Divyesh M Kapadia
Int J Biol Med Res. 2013; 4(2): 3155-3158  |  PDF File

Abstract

Introduction: The study was carried out to assess various morphological features of placenta such as weight, surface area, volume, attachment of umbilical cord etc. and further to find out any correlation between these parameters and birth weight of the baby. Material and Methods: The study was carried out selecting seventy mothers with uncomplicated pregnancy from indoor patients of gynaecology and obstetrics departments. All the measurements were taken by using standard measuring devices and standard measuring techniques. Results: The results show mean placental weight, surface area, volume is directly proportional to the weight of the baby with respect to attachment of the umbilical cord. The correlation coefficient for birth weight of baby from placental weight in centrally attached umbilical cord is 0.884, 0.651 in intermediately attached cord and 0.913 in marginally attached cord on placenta. The correlation coefficient for birth weight of baby from placental surface area in centrally attached umbilical cord is 0.785, 0.676 in intermediately attached cord and, 0.854 in marginally attached cord on placenta. The correlation coefficient for birth weight of baby from placental volume in centrally attached umbilical cord is 0.848, 0.789 for intermediately attached cord and, 0.895 for marginally attached umbilical cord on placenta. Conclusion: Values of placental weight, surface area, volume were found to correlate with birth weight of baby with respect to central, intermediate and marginal attachment of umbilical cord on placentas.