Non-communicable diseases: awareness of risk factors and lifestyle among rural adolescents.

Authors:Anju Ade, Chethana K V, Abhay Mane, S G Hiremath
Int J Biol Med Res. 2014; 5(1): 3780-3784  |  PDF File

Abstract

Background: Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading global causes of death, causing more deaths than all others causes combined, and they strike hardest at the world’s low and middle income populations. Objectives: 1.To assess awareness of risk factors of non-communicable diseases among rural adolescents. 2. To find out their lifestyle behavior. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in a field practice area of RHTC. Total 340 adolescents in the age group of 11 to 16 years of 3 govt. high-schools formed the study sample .Socio-demographic data was collected and awareness of risk factors of non-communicable diseases was assessed with the help of in a predesigned, pre-tested, self-administered questionnaire which was translated in their local language. Results: only 0.3% had good level of knowledge regarding the lifestyle risk factors. Daily consumption of fast food is low (6.8 %).Majority of students (93.2%) play games daily.As many as (68.5%) students consume fruits and vegetables daily. Majority of them (62.6%) had no idea about the prevention of NCDs. Only 127(37.4%) students felt non-communicable diseases are preventable. Knowledge regarding communicability of these lifestyle diseases was good among students, about 65.6% students knew that they are non-communicable.34.4% students had misconception that the non-communicable diseases were communicable in nature. Conclusion: Awareness of risk factors of non-communicable diseases and knowledge regarding prevention aspects of NCDs was also low among rural school children. The study recommends promotion of supportive environment for strengthening student-based approaches and strategic delivery of health education is essential to target risk behaviors among adolescents