Assessment of infant and young child feeding practices among the mothers in a slum area of kolkata: a cross sectional study

Authors:Aparajita Dasgupta*, SouravNaiya, Soumalya Ray, ArnabGhosal, Ram Pravakar, Parthasarathin Ram
Int J Biol Med Res. 2014; 5(1): 3855-3861  |  PDF File

Abstract

Background-Infant and young child feeding is a cornerstone of care for childhood development. It was estimated that optimal IYCF practices could reduce childhood morbidity and mortality dramatically in most cost-effective and efficacious way. Proper assessment of IYCF practices among the mothers is the need of the hour to identify the gaps in their performance and to find out the influencing factors for these gaps.Materials and Methods -A cross-sectional study was conducted among 86 mother-child pair attending a MCH clinic of an urban health center catering health care service to the largest slum of Kolkata, the Chetla slum.Result-68.6% of the children hadlate initiation of breast feeding and31.4% hadprelacteal feeding.Exclusive breastfeeding among children less than 6 months was 66.7% and adequate minimum dietary diversity among children 6–23 months was 46%.Literacy status of mother was significantly associated with exclusive breastfeeding, Continued breastfeeding at 1 year of age and Minimum meal frequency (MMF). (p<0.05)Conclusion-Assessment of IYCF practices revealed very unsatisfactory status and appropriate, widespread and high quality health education at domiciliary,outdoor,individual and mass level should be initiated and implemented for optimum health of the infant and the child.