Prevalence of dyslipidemia in patients undergoing general health checkup

Authors:Justin Easow Sam , Nissy Justin Sam , Ganesh H.K, Maben EVS
Int J Biol Med Res. 2014; 5(3): 4305-4308  |  PDF File

Abstract

ABSTRACT TITLE PREVALENCE OF DYSLIPIDEMIA IN PATIENTS UNDERGOING GENERAL HEALTH CHECKUP AIMS To find the prevalence of dyslipidemia in patients undergoing general health checkup in the following categories: Non diabetic, Normotensive Diabetic/Prediabetic Hypertensive Diabetic and hypertensive To compare the prevalence of dyslipidemia in sample population and general population. To find the age and sex wise distribution of dyslipidemia. METHODS In this cross sectional study. 338 subjects who attended general health checkup at A.J. Hospital & Research Centre were evaluated by physical checkups, fasting lipid profiles and blood glucose levels. Dyslipidemia risk, impaired blood sugar levels and hypertension were determined as per NCEP- ATP III, ADA and JNC guidelines respectively. RESULTS The prevalence of dyslipidemia was 72.7 % in the study population as compared with 28.1 % from WHO India 2008 prevalence statistics. The prevalence was highest in the diabetic and hypertensive group and in the age group of 40-65 and was higher in males. CONCLUSION Despite emphasis that has been put on awareness of risk factors of cardiovascular disease in recent years, this survey reveals a further up going trend in prevalence of dyslipidemia and is an indication for change in lifestyle modifications to be adopted by the population.