Knowledge and practices regarding menstrual management among women in a remote village of eastern india

Authors:Adwitiya Das, Aparajita Dasgupta, Rahul Biswas, Dipanjan Ray, Arnab Ghosal, Trinath Sarkar
Int J Biol Med Res. 2014; 5(3): 4190-4196  |  PDF File

Abstract

Background: Menstrual hygiene and practices among rural Indian women are influenced by various social, cultural, economic and religious factors. Objectives: The present study aims at eliciting the proportion of inadequate knowledge and unhygienic practice regarding menstruation among rural women, and finding the predictors of the same. Methods: This cross-sectional, community-based study was undertaken for 3 months. A pre-designed and pre-tested schedule was used. Covariates of poor knowledge and practices regarding menstruation, reasons for self-confinement, and restrictions imposed on the participants during menstruation were investigated. Results: Out of the 207 participants, 61.4% had inadequate knowledge and 58.5% practiced unhygienic methods. It was noted that women who were aged 30 years or more [AOR (95% Confidence Interval: C.I.) 3.1(1.4-6.9)] and women who were less educated [AOR (95% C.I.)11.8 (4.4-31.9)] were at higher risk of having poor knowledge. Poor practice was associated with lower education of the women and their mothers [AOR (95%C.I.) 1.9(1.0-4.5)] and [AOR (95%C.I.) 2.6 (1.2-5.8)] respectively. Lack of privacy was the predominant cause of self-confinement. Restrictions in any form were imposed on 193 (93.2%) women; restrictions to perform religious rituals was most commonly imposed. Conclusion: Obviously, the rural Indian women during the difficult days of menstruation are stifled to self-confinement, secrecy, seclusion and exclusion.