Clinico epidemiological profile of hydatid diseases in central india, a retrospective & prospective study

Authors:Dr. Md. Jawed Akther, Dr. Najnin Khanam, Dr. Siddarth Rao
Int J Biol Med Res. 2011; 2(3): 603-606  |  PDF File

Abstract

Introduction; The hydatid is endemic zoonotic disease where livestock is raised in association with dogs. Aims and objectives; To define the epidemiological and clinical profile and treatment protocols for hydatid diseases among the patients reporting to a rural tertiary teaching hospital. Material and methods; Retrospective & prospective study was carried out on a total of (n=117) burn patients admitted in the Department of Surgery at Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sevagram between 1st April 1996 to 31st March 2006. Descriptive statistics, including range and percentage, were used in analyzing the patient characteristics and laboratory parameters. Observation; The maximum numbers of patients were in the age group of 21 -30 years (31 pts, 26.49%). The main presenting symptom of the study population was pain in abdomen (85 patients, 89.47%) followed by lump in abdomen (81 patients, 85.26%). Maximum 106 patients (90.59%) had single organ involvement. The most commonly performed surgery in our series was partial pericystectomy with external drainage 80 patients (68.37%). Conclusion; Hydatid disease can affect any organ. Proper education, creating awareness and implementing strict rules regarding the disposable of the remains of slaughtered animals can help eradicate this disease. Partial pericystectomy with external drainage is no doubt a better option in any rural set-up.