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Increasing trend of high blood pressure in the adolescents from rural wardha

Authors:Vijay Bhalavi , Pradeep Deshmukh ,Manisha Atram, Kalyan Goswami ,Neelam Garg
Int J Biol Med Res. 2014; 5(4): 4641-4643  |  PDF File


Aim: To study the prevalence of Hypertension among the adolescent in rural population of PHC, Anji. Dist. Wardha, Maharashtra, INDIA Methods: A cross sectional study was carried out among the adolescents (10-19 years) of Anji P.H.C. Sample size studied was 405, selected by random sampling. The sampling frame available with department of Community Medicine. We collected the data on their socio-demographic variables and blood pressure of each adolescent was measured. Results: Out of 405 individuals studied 182(44.9%) were male and 223(55.1%) were female. Prevalence of high blood pressure levels was found 24.4%, i.e. >90th percentile for age, sex and height. The prevalence was higher (25.1%) in female against lower (23.6%) in male. Also Prevalence of high blood pressure levels was to be increase with age (i.e 25.2%in >15 year of age against (23.3%) in <15 year of age. Conclusion: These finding indicate that there is definitely alarming situation as per prevalence of high blood pressure levels even in rural communities. The early identification of cardio metabolic risk factors can help with an attempt to prevent or delay metabolic syndrome, diabetes and cardiovascular disease.