Morphological and biochemical characterization of morocco carob tree (ceratonia siliqua l.)

Authors:El Kahkahi R., Zouhair R., Diouri M., Ait Chitt, M. and Errakhi, R.
Int J Biol Med Res. 2015; 6(2): 4946-4952  |  PDF File

Abstract

The carob tree (Ceratonia siliqua L.) is native to Mediterranean countries. The carob tree is cultivated for its pods, abundant and rich in sugar at maturity.The objective of this study was to evaluate the morphological characterization of the carob tree and the chemical composition of the fruit. We have found that the leaf has a length 15,42cm, a width 10,88cm, a petiole length 3,67cm and 9▒1 leaflets. The leaflet has a length and a width corresponding to 5,59cm and 3,95cm. The pulp of Marrakech (P5) has the highest rate with 52, 52% sugar. For fiber, pulp Marrakech (P7) contains the most with 10, 90%. On secondary metabolites , the rate of total phenols is significant enough, the order of 5,36 mg/g of dry matter for the pulp of Fez, which is 3,74mg/g for seeds of Fez, followed by the rate of flavonoids , which is 0,48 m /g for pulp of Khemisset (P4), hydrolyzable tannins, with a maximum of 0,07mg/g for the pulp and seed of Meknes (P3) and pulp of Khemisset (P4).