Cytologic patterns of lymph node diseases in hawassa university referral hospital, southern ethiopia

Authors:Gemechu Ameya Buli, Fekade Yerakly Lukas
Int J Biol Med Res. 2015; 6(2): 4875-4878  |  PDF File

Abstract

Background: Lymphadenopathy is becoming common pathological prblem in most part of the world. There is a wide variation in the pattern of disease in different ethinic groups and in various countries. The knowledge of the pattern of these diseases in a given geographical region is essential for making a confident diagnosis of suspecting a disease. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the cytological patterns of lymph node diseases in patient attended Hawassa University referral hospital.Methods: A five years retrospective study was conducted on fine needle aspiration cytology report of patient referred to pathology laboratory of Hawassa University referral hospital from September, 2009 to September, 2014.Results: A total of 1,067 lymph nodes were aspirated in the study period. Cervical lymphadenophathy was the most frequent (48.82%) followed by submandibular (22.77%) lymph nodes. The second decade was the most affected age group while age group above 60 was less frequent. Tuberculosis lymphadenitis was highest (48.82%), chronic non-specific lymphadenitis (20.33%), reactive (16.21%), pyogenic abscess (5.99%) and the rest were malignant. Conclusion: Lymphadenopathy can be associated with a wide range of disorders however; tuberculosis lymphadenitis is the most common cause of enlarged lymph node in the study area.