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Effect of music therapy for patients with cancer pain

Authors:Raji Kaliyaperumal, Jaya Gowri Subash
Int J Biol Med Res. 2010; 1(3): 79 - 81   |  PDF File


Cancer is one of the most important diseases in the world. Every year about 8, 50,000 new cancer cases are diagnosed in India, resulting in about 5, 80,000 death. Cancer pain can result from the cancer itself or cancer treatment such as chemotherapy, radiation and surgery. To evaluate the effect of music on pain for patients with cancer. Music intervention has been evaluated as an appropriate nursing intervention to reduce patients pain, stress and anxiety level in several clinical settings. Music release endorphins thus reduce the perception of pain through the components of the gate control theory of pain. The sample consists of 40 women, between the age group of 30-50 years with breast and cervix cancer receiving chemotherapy were allocated to either music listening (n=20) or routine nursing care only (n=20).The treatment group received 20 minutes of music therapy twice a day for 3 days. Pain was recorded before and 5 minutes after the intervention by using numerical pain intensity scale. Paired ‘T’ test was used to assess the effect of music on pain both the group. In the music group ‘T’ value is significantly higher than the tabulated value at 5%, ‘Z’ test was used to assess the difference between experimental and control group, this shows significantly higher than the tabulated value at 5%. Music therapy is a beneficial nursing intervention that promotes relaxation and alleviates the perception of pain among the patients. Music therapy could be used as an intervention along with other modalities of pain management as it has no adverse effect.