Study of obstructive sleep apnea in type 2 diabetes mellitus

Authors:Sudhakar Hase N.N Ramraje,J.M PhadtarE, R.R.Hegde,P.L.Meshram
Int J Biol Med Res. 2018; 9(2): 6285-6287  |  PDF File

Abstract

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is a major health concern with high morbidity, mortality and health care cost. Sleep Disorders especially Obstructive sleep apnea and Diabetes Mellitus share several risk factors including advancing age and obesity. The study was conducted on 100 patients attending our OPD who were diagnosed with Diabetes Mellitus. The patients were evaluated for the presence of sleep disorders by sleep studies. American Society of Sleep Medicine criteria were used for diagnosis of OSAS. Out of 100 patients included, 68% were males and 32% were females. Males showed a higher occurrence of OSA as compared to females, however the difference was not statistically significant. The occurrence of Mixed sleep apnea was statistically higher in males. There was no significant co-relation between age and sleep disorders. Of the 100 patients 66%had uncontrolled DM and 34% had controlled diabetes. Sleep disorders were found to be more common in patients with uncontrolled Diabetes and of which OSA had higher occurrence