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Determinants of low birth weight in a block of hooghly, west bengal:a multivariate analysis

Authors:Aparajita Dasgupta, Rivu Basu
Int J Biol Med Res. 2011; 2(4): 838 - 842  |  PDF File

Abstract

Low Birth Weight (birth weight < 2.5kg) has been a problem of constant worry in the world, especially in developing countries like India. The causes are multifactorial. Most of the causes can be prevented with simple measures. But in India adequate statistical modeling for multivariate data has often not been done to elicit the most important factors. Thus this study has been undertaken in Singur Block of West in order to find out the distribution and determinants of LBW in the study area. Cluster sampling was done, to sample the mothers of Under-5 children in the villages of the said block. Necessary data was obtained after consulting the records and interviewing the mothers. Final analysis was done using a multiple logistic regression model. Results showed, out of 253 samples, 28.8% were found to be having low birth weight. The model showed that poor socio-economic condition, low gestational age, anemia, non-consumption/irregular consumption of IFA tablets, inadequate food intake during ANC to be the factors significantly associated with low birth weight