Correlates of Dietary Profile, Nutritional, and Health status among children with reference to autism spectrum disorder

Authors:Rithika PH, Sushma B.V
Int J Biol Med Res. 2019; 10(3): 6828-6832  |  PDF File

Abstract

Autism spectrum disorder is a serious neurodevelopment disorder that impairs a child's ability to communicate and interact with others. It also includes restricted repetitive behaviours, interests and activities. Disorder begins in the childhood marked by abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and marked by restricted variety of activity and interest, manifestation of the disorder vary .Children with autism have deficit in reciprocal social interaction like poor eye to eye contact and not responding to the names, deficit in verbal and non verbal communication, stereotypical behaviour, sensory deviation, abnormal play and mood effect. Often this has tended to result into developmental anomaly in autistic children. With this backdrop the present cross sectional clinical based study is carried out with an aim to assess the nutritional, health and dietary status among Autistic children. 30 children age group between 2-13 years diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder who were attending to the treatment at All India Institute Of Speech And Hearing, Mysuru south region of Karnataka formed the study participants. Respectively 20 children without ASD of similar age under normal setting were included in the study as a counterpart with ASD children depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. Findings: Children with autism have been found to have impaired health status and follow certain diets such as casein free gluten free and low lactose diet. Certainly oral and motor problems are the most common health problems experienced by ASD children. . In fact children with ASD possess dietary abnormalities due to presence of oral motor problems