Fascioliasis: a fluke infection is food-borne parasitic zoonoses and controls their vectors

Authors:Pradeep Kumara, Kumari Sunita, R.N Singh, D.K. Singh
Int J Biol Med Res. 2020; 11(1): 6982-6989  |  PDF File

Abstract

Fascioliasis disease was first recorded as early as 2000 BC. These are zoonotic trematode infects in animals which causes significant disease among cattle and sheep. Human fascioliasis is food-borne trematode infection, commonly acquired by eating encysted metacercaria on aquatic leaves which eaten as vegetables. Human fascioliasis cause significant illness and morbidity, mainly among low income communities. The infection of fascioliasis (fluke) are most common zoonoses in different cattle and in human beings, which affecting a large number of worldwide population in different regions. These fluke infections affect millions of livestock resulting in considerable economic loss in domestic animals. Controls of zoonosis in different part of world are use synthetic drugs which are very effective in curing fluke infection, but it’s also causes a number of side effects. This review attempts the major challenges in control of animals and human fascioliasis with valuable approaches from multidisciplinary integration. Snail is an important intermediate vector host for fascioliasis. The control of snail population by using biological control, plant derived molluscicides, chemotherapy of snail, bait formulation technique, may be effective in zoonoses control. The present reviews summarized the use of different molluscicides/techniques which control the host vector snail population in fascioliasis reservoirs area at certain threshold level of their population; it may be new strategic approaches. The review of literature leads to further evaluation of new researches in trematodes (fluke) control programs.