Cigarette smoking among public secondary school students in ibadan north local government area, oyo state, nigeria

Authors:Musibau A. Titiloye* and Adijat O. Elias and Adeyimika T. Desmennu
Int J Biol Med Res. 2020; 11(2): 6995-7000  |  PDF File

Abstract

Cigarette smoking constitutes a major threat to the health and wellbeing of teenagers. This study was conducted to investigate the knowledge, attitude and prevalence of Cigarette smoking among public secondary school students in Ibadan North Local Government Area of Oyo state, Nigeria. Quantitative data was randomly collected in seven secondary schools among 349 consenting students within the ages of 10-19. Data was analysed using descriptive statistics and chi-square test at p ≤ 0.05 level of significance. Mean age of the respondents was 14.7±2.4years. Majority of respondents were Males (61.9%), Christians (64.5%) and 53.9% were within age group 15-19years. About seventy-three percent (72.8%) of the respondents had good knowledge on the dangers of cigarette smoking. Majority (95.1%) of the respondents considered cigarette smoking dangerous to their health while 67.9% of respondents correctly mentioned nicotine as a constituent in cigarette. Eighty-five percent (84.5%) of the respondents had positive attitude towards cigarette smoking. Majority of the respondents were influenced by their peers’ smoking behaviour (48.7%) while 59.9% by their parents’ smoking behaviour. The prevalence of cigarette smoking was 32.1% and 97.3% of the total population of ever smokers were current smokers. There was a significant difference in respondents’ knowledge on the dangers of cigarette smoking and area of residence, family type and family size. There was a significant difference between the sex, age, area of residence, mother’s level of education, family size of respondents and prevalence of cigarette smoking among respondents. The prevalence of cigarette smoking was relatively high among study participants which is as a result of peer influence and parental smoking behaviour. Adolescent health education with the emphasis on the harmful effects of cigarette smoking should be included in school curriculum.