Understanding kidney disorders in times of coronavirus-covid19-a review

Authors:Rasikh Javaid,* Ghazala Javed, Raheela Javaid, Anju, Asim Ali Khan
Int J Biol Med Res. 2020; 11(4): 7179-7183  |  PDF File

Abstract

Kidney is one of the vital organs of the body that performs several important functions in the body viz, excretion of waste products resulting from protein metabolism, regulation of acid base balance by excretion of H+ ions (acidification) and bicarbonate ions, regulation of salt water balance by hormones secreted both intra and extra-renally, formation of renin and erythropoietin and there by a role in the regulation of blood pressure and erythropoiesis respectively. Presently whole world is witnessing the rise of the deadly pandemic caused due to novel coronavirus or COVID19. In such testing times the persons suffering from comorbidities such as hypertension, cardiac disorders, diabetics or kidney disorders are at greater risk to this life threatening virus. Therefore, people suffering from such disorders especially with kidney disease, transplant recipients, and people with other severe chronic medical conditions are at higher risk for developing serious complications from COVID-19. The present review highlights about the present scenario of kidney disorders in times of Covid-19 through the available data on electronic platform. Moreover the causes, diagnosis, stages, types, treatment, signs & symptoms, nephrotoxicity and nephrotoxins in respect of various kidney disorders have been briefly explained.