Diabetic foot infection in india

Authors:Satendra Kumar, ARVIND PRATAP, AND VIJAY KUMAR SHUKLA
Int J Biol Med Res. 2020; 11(3): 7106-7110  |  PDF File

Abstract

Diabetic foot infection (DFI) is one of the most feared complications of diabetes mellitus especially in India due to large population having diabetes mellitus, social stigmata, poor education, negligence by the patient and society and lack of dedicated diabetic foot centers. Usually patients presented with polymicrobial infection having both aerobic and anaerobic pathogens. Gram positive cocci like Staphylococcus aureus, gram negative bacilli of Enterobacteriaceae family are the most common among the aerobes while Peptostreptococcus and Clostridium are most common among the anaerobes are involved in diabetic foot infections. However, the prevalence of multi-drug-resistance pathogens is alarmingly high and complicating the management of diabetic foot infections and also plays a huge role in the duration of hospitalization, morbidity, and mortality. So, the knowledge of the common bacterial pathogens implicated as well as their sensitivity play a significant role in preventing adverse prognosis of diabetic foot infection.