A case of pulmonary non tuberculous mycobacteria mimicking pulmonary tuberculosis

Authors:Amit Goyal, N C kajal, Amanpreet Kaur
Int J Biol Med Res. 2020; 11(4): 7173-7175  |  PDF File

Abstract

Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are naturally-occurring organisms found in water, soil and wild animals. They are harmless to most people but when a person inhales the organism from the environment NTM led to lung infection. Most people don’t become ill except for some susceptible individuals, a slowly progressive and destructive disease can occur. Chronic respiratory disease is a strong risk factor. Here, we report a case of pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) infection with M. abscessus. This case highlights the diagnostic confusion which occurs when persistent sputum Acid- Fast Bacilli (AFB) smears are positive, but Nucleic acid amplification test is negative.