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Literature review of management of delayed onset muscle soreness (doms)

Authors:Vanshika sethi, Kirti mishra
Int J Biol Med Res. 2012; 3(1): 1469-1475  |  PDF File

Abstract

Introduction: Delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) is muscle pain and discomfort experienced approximately one to three days after exercise. DOMS is thought to be a result of microscopic muscle fiber tears and is more common after eccentric exercise (the muscle must lengthen or remain the same length against a weight) rather than concentric exercise (the muscle can shorten against a weight load). While DOMS is not a disease or disorder, it can be painful and is a because of the presence of pain and other possible debilitating performance factors, preventing or minimizing the effects of DOMS should be a concern for coaches, athletic trainers, physical therapists, and other sports medicine personnel concern for athletes because it can limit further exercise in the days following an initial training. Management: Amir H Bakhtiary through their work concluded that vibration therapy before eccentric exercise may prevent and control DOMS, whereas Lori A. Kuligowski, MS. et al concluded that cold whirlpool and contrast therapy are more effective than warm whirlpool or no treatment in alleviating delayed-onset muscle soreness in the elbow flexors However Zainal Zainuddin et al. concluded that massage was effective in alleviating DOMS approximately 30% and reducing swelling, but it had no effects on muscle function. Conclusion: In the aspect of treatment exercise works more effectively in reducing DOMS than heat, topical remedies containing methanols or camphors, or anti-inflammatory drugs