Prevalence of anaemia amongst women in the reproductive age group in a rural area in south india

Authors:Raghuram V, Manjula Anil, Jayaram S
Int J Biol Med Res. 2012; 3(2): 1482-1484  |  PDF File

Abstract

Abstract: Introduction The importance of anemia as a major public health problem throughout the world is widely recognized. According to WHO, in developing countries the prevalence of anaemia among pregnant women averages 56%, ranging between 35 to 100% among different regions of the world. Various studies from different regions of the country (India) have reported the prevalence of anaemia to be between 33 and 100%. In India, anaemia is the second most common cause of maternal deaths, accounting for 20% of total maternal deaths.. Results -This cross-sectional study conducted in a rural area in the Dakshina Kannada district of Karnataka showed a overall prevalence of anaemia to be 34.83%. Prevalence was found to be more in the age group of 41-45, among women with parity index more than 4 and among women with birth interval less than 2 years between two births. Conclusion-Significant association between parity index and prevalence of anaemia as found in the present study calls for measures to limit the number of births by improving the family planning services in rural areas