Prevalence of risk factors for non-communicable disease in a rural area of nagpur district, maharashtra – a who step wise approach

Authors:SD Bhardwaj, MK Shewte, PR Bhatkule, JR Khadse
Int J Biol Med Res. 2012; 3(1): 1413-1418  |  PDF File

Abstract

Background & Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of common risk factors for non-communicable disease (NCD) among people above 15 years in rural population of Nagpur, Maharashtra. Methods: The study involved a survey of 1964 male and 1807 female respondents, aged 15 years and above. Multistage sampling was used for recruitment (PHCs/ sub-centres/ villages). All households in the selected villages were covered and all subjects above 15 years in the household were interviewed. WHO STEP- wise tool was used as the study instrument which included behavioural risk factor questionnaire and physical measurements of height, weight, waist circumference and blood pressure. Results: The prevalence of daily smoked tobacco was 20.5 % (95% CI 18.6% - 22.3%) for men while all females were life time abstainer. Daily smokeless tobacco user were 62.6 % (95% CI 60.2% - 64.9%) and 32.8 % (95% CI 30.6% - 35.0%) in men and women respectively. The prevalence of current alcohol consumer was 37.7 % (95% CI 35.5% - 39.9%) among men and none of the women reported consuming alcohol. The mean number servings of fruits and vegetables per day was 2.2 (95%CI 1.48 - 2.9) for men and 1.97 (95% CI 1.21- 2.7) for women. The percentage of people undertaking at least 150 minutes of physical activity in a week was 92.3 % (95% CI 91.1% - 93.5%) for men and 90.4 % (95% CI 89.0% - 91.7%) for women. Among men 6.0 % (95% CI 4.9% - 7.0%) had BMI > 25.0Kg/m2 while among women it was 7.9 % (95% CI 6.6% - 9.2%). The prevalence of measured hypertension, i.e. >140 SBP and/or >90 DBP or on antihypertensive drugs was 14.8 % (95% CI 13.2% - 16.4%) among men and 15.9 % (95% CI 14.1 % - 17.6%) among women. Conclusion: The study showed a high burden non-communicable disease risk factor in rural area of Nagpur. It showed tobacco and alcohol use was high among men while physical inactivity and overweight were higher in women. Low fruit and vegetable consumption was found among both the gender.