Diabetes and hypertension in the age group of 18 to 40 years in south indian population and its relation to indian diabetes risk scores (idrs) and anthropometric measures

Authors: Avinash P Tekadea, Venkata Venu Gopala Raju Srijampanab.
Int J Biol Med Res. 2012; 3(4): 2324-2327  |  PDF File

Abstract

ABSTRACT Objective:- To find out the percentage of diabetics and impaired glucose tolerance in the young adults of south India. And to know the risk of Developing Diabetes among the same group by using IDRS. Methods:-  Fasting plasma glucose, by semi Auto analyzer.  Estimation of Blood pressure, by mercury sphygmomanometer.  Waist circumference (W.C.), by flexible non-stretchable measuring tape.  Indian diabetes risk scores (IDRS)  Body mass index (B.M.I.) Results:- By IDRS 51.7% males and 47.24 females are in moderate risk of developing diabetes. And 26.3% males and 31.03% females are in very high risk of developing diabetes, risk is increasing with the age. IDRS is more useful in Indians for prediction of obesity related diseases. Out of 613 participants, Diabetes was noted among the 13.6% participant (12.38% in males and 14.82 in females). And additionally impaired glucose tolerance is observed in 12.63% (11.14 in males and in females 14.13). A significantly higher WC and BMI were observed in Diabetics and Impaired Glucose tolerance compared to non-Diabetics.