Sociodemographic and clinical profile of hiv/aids patients visiting to art centre at a rural tertiary care hospital in maharashtra state of india

Authors:Umesh S. Joge, Deepali S. Deo, Rajesh N. Lakde, Sonali G. Choudhari, Vilas R. Malkar, Harshada H. Ughade
Int J Biol Med Res. 2012; 3(2): 1568 – 1572  |  PDF File


The present cross sectional study was conducted to assess the socio-demographic and clinical profile of HIV/AIDS patients at ART centre of a rural tertiary care hospital, situated in Marathawada region of Maharashtra state of India, from Nov 2008 to October 2010. 801 HIV positive patients coming to ART centre for treatment were included in the study. The NACO guidelines for diagnosis of HIV were followed. For these patients a preformed questionnaire was made to enquire about socio-demographic characteristics such as age, sex, literacy status, marital status, occupation, socioeconomic status & clinical presentation ensuring confidentiality at their homes after informed consent and guarantee of anonymity to the individuals. The data was analyzed using mean, standard deviation and Chi-Square test. The male patients (68.04%) outnumbered the female patients (31.96%). Maximum number of males (79.81%) as well as females (84.77%) was in the age group of 20-39 years. Age of the patients ranged between 20-70 years. The most common route of transmission was found to be heterosexual in 94.39% patients and 2.99% patients had given a history of blood transfusion. The distribution of patients according to HIV status of their spouse shows that spouses of 62.94% were HIV positive and spouses of 17.29% were HIV negative whereas HIV status of 19.77% spouses was unknown. Among the spouses of male patients 51.46% were HIV positive and among the spouses of female patients 85.94% were HIV positive. Majority of patients presented with fever (52.93%), loss of weight (48.81%) and cough (40.82%). Most of the affected population was from lower socioeconomic class & reproductive age group i.e. 15-44 years which increases the economic burden & affects the overall development of the family, community and country. Marital life itself becomes a risk factor for those women who get infected by their HIV positive spouse.