Odontometric study of maxillary canine teeth to establishing sexual dimorphism in gujarat population

Authors:Dhara H. Parekh ,SV Patel , A.Z Zalawadia , SM Pate
Int J Biol Med Res. 2012; 3(3): 1935 - 1937.  |  PDF File

Abstract

aims: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether sexual dimorphism can be established by odontometric study of permanent maxillary canine teeth as well as canine arch width. methods: This study was carried out on 368 students of Government Medical College, Bhavnagar was conducted at Department of Anatomy, Government Medical College, Bhavnagar, Gujarat. Out of these 368 students, 152 students are female & 216 students are male. Both sexes belong to age group between 18 to 24 years. The following measurements of the permanent maxillary canine teeth were taken: mesio-distal width of the crown and inter-canine distance. From these measurements maxillary canine index was calculated. In addition, the percentage of sexual dimorphism was calculated. results: There was sexual dimorphism in mesio-distal width, canine arch width and canine index of permanent maxillary canine teeth. Sexual dimorphism is more on right permanent maxillary canine teeth than left permanent maxillary canine teeth. conclusion: According to the present study, sexual dimorphism in mesio-distal diameter is more in right maxillary canine (8.87%) is than left maxillary canine teeth (7.26%). Sexual dimorphism in canine index is more in right maxillary canine (1.93%) is than left maxillary canine teeth (0.61%).