The effect of body mass index on bone mineral density in preand post menopausal women of western rajasthan population

Authors:Sushma k. Kataria, Pooja Pareek , Abhilasha dadhich , Kushal R kataria, Madhu Bhati
Int J Biol Med Res. 2012; 3(3): 1899 - 1901.  |  PDF File

Abstract

Osteoporosis is a common disorder in the elderly population and presents one of the most significant public Health problems in the world, predisposing to fracture with minimal or no antecedent trauma. Bone mineral density (BMD) is the major measurable determinant of the risk for osteoporotic fractures. Several studies showed that the BMI and Body weight are associated with BMD. Aims & objective: The aim of present study was to find out the effect of body mass index on bone mineral density through anthropometric parameters. Material and method: The present study was performed on 100 women (50 pre and 50 post menopausal) 25 to 65 years age group. BMI, Waist circumference, Waist to hip ratio were measured. BMD was measured by clinical bone sonometer. Results: Observation showed a significant relationship between the BMI and BMD of underweight, normal and overweight pre and post menopausal women while it is non significant for the obese women of both groups.