Prevalence of anaemia in adults with respect to socio-demographic status blood groups and religion in north indian population

Authors:Verma Pratima, Singh Shraddha , Ghildiyal Archna, Kumar Ashutosh, Krishna Ahilesh
Int J Biol Med Res. 2012; 3(4): 2422-2428  |  PDF File

Abstract

Background: Anaemia is a common, multifactorial condition among adults and it is one of India’s major public health problems. . The World Health Organization (WHO) definition of Anaemia (hemoglobin concentration <12 g/dL in women and <13 g/dL in men) is most often used in epidemiologic studies of adults. The prevalence of anaemia was found to range from 30% to 98% in different studies from different regions. Objective: The present study was designed to assess the prevalence of anaemia according to sex, Religion, blood group and their socio-demographic status among the apparently healthy young males and females from north Indian regions. Materials and Methods: The young population, both males and females with age group 20-50 years from north Indian, were studied for the prevalence of anaemia with respect to the religion, blood group and the socio-demographic status. Results: The prevalence of anaemia in females (20-50 years) was 70.1%, which included 48.7% of mild, 19.9% of moderate and 1.5% of severe anaemia cases. The prevalence of anaemia in Males (20-50 years) was 53.2%, with 34.3% suffering from mild, 17.7% from moderate and 1.2% from severe anaemia. Both males and females were in the younger age group, who belonged to a lower socio-economic status, lower socio-demographical status and a low activity life style, had a higher prevalence of anaemia. Conclusions: The present study found a high prevalence of Anaemia in both males and females in north Indian population, thus indicating that the problem of anaemia was related to a wider population than the traditional groups of the pregnant and lactating females and children. Large population studies are needed to find out the cause and the type of anaemia along with other risk factors in all the age groups, irrespective of sex.