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A hospital based study on anaemia in children of adilabad -a tribal district of andhra pradesh.

Authors:Swapnatai A Meshram, Rajnish S Borkar, Pramod E Jadhav, I. Pranathi Sudha
Int J Biol Med Res. 2013; 4(1): 2894-2897  |  PDF File

Abstract

BACKGROUND:- Anaemia is common worldwide health problem. It is an important cause of morbidity and mortality of young growing children in rural areas of developing countries. Young growing anaemic children have various clinical symptoms, failure to thrive, Jaundice, hepato- splenomegaly, cardiomegaly, pleural effusion, congestive heart failure. OBJECTIVE: - To study the haematological profile and variants of anaemia in children of age 2months to 12 years admitted in district hospital of Adilabad. METHODOLOGY:- A retrospective study was carried out by studying medical records of district hospital attached to Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences , Adilabad from May 2011 to July 2011. Study population constitute total number of 54 cases of anaemia in children of age 2months to 12 years admitted in district hospital of Adilabad. Diagnosis of anaemia was based on hemoglobin levels and on the basis of clinical presentations. Typing of anaemia was done by clinical finding, complete blood picture and haemoglobin electrophoresis. RESULT: In present study out of 54 cases, 26 were females and 28 males. The mean haemoglobin was 4.87 ± 1.35 gm/dl. Maximum anaemic patients (48%) observed in the group of 8-12yrs. About 50% (27/54) of patients were severely anaemic, 48.1 % (26/54) moderately anaemic and only one case was of mild anaemia. In present study it was found that 57.39 % of children were anaemic due to nutritional deficiency while 18.5% were thalasemic and 29.6 % were sickle cell disorder. 66.6% cases had Nutritional anaemia. About 29 cases presented themselves with the clinical findings of pallor and splenomegaly. CONCLUSION: - Besides hematological investigations for typing of anaemias hemoglobin electrophoresis establishes the disease in haemoglobinopathies. Adequate health and healthy nutritional habits and prescription of Iron supplements are great importance to prevent and manage anaemia in children assisted by public health services.