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A study of branching pattern of coeliac trunk in 100 cadavers

Authors:Jitendra P Patel, Prakash Gosai, Ashok B Nirvan, Ritesh K Shah, Sanjay D Kanani*
Int J Biol Med Res. 2013; 4(3): 3444-3447  |  PDF File

Abstract

Aims: To study the anatomy of coeliac trunk through emission and variations of its branches. To study the anomalous formation of coeliac trunk and communication between the branches of coeliac trunk. To study the clinical implication of coeliac trunk in case of the variations and anomalous formation of coeliac trunk. Methods: This study was conducted on 100 cadavers from the dissection laboratory with an age range of 50 – 80 years. The cadavers were embalmed through carotid and femoral arterial perfusion of formaldehyde solution, spirit, water and glycerine and preserved in a weak formalin solution before dissection. Dissection method was employed for this study. Result and Observation: classic coeliac trunk with emission of the left gastric, splenic and hepatic arteries was found in 76(76 %) cadavers. Haller's tripod, in which the three arteries originated at the same level and in the terminal portion of the coeliac trunk was observed in 18(18%) cadavers. In 16 cadavers inferior phrenic arteries originated from coeliac trunk was observed. In 8 cadavers variations regarding disposition of the left gastric, splenic and hepatic arteries also regarding the number of emitted arteries observed. Conclusion: Arterial variations should be taken care during the abdominal operative procedures. Vascular anomalies are usually asymptomatic; they may become important in patients undergoing diagnostic angiography for gastrointestinal bleeding, coeliac axis compression syndrome, or prior to an operative procedure or transcatheter therapy.