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Stem cells: the changing face of dentistry

Authors:Mayuresh J. Baheti, Uday N. Soni, Nandlal G. Toshniwal
Int J Biol Med Res. 2015; 6(2): 5043-5048  |  PDF File  |  Category: General Medicine

Abstract

Stem cell research is making giant leaps that could revolutionize the way we treat diseases and test drugs. The subject of stem cells is one of the most interesting and upcoming fields in medical research with vast areas yet to be discovered. The pluripotent nature of the stem cells has been studied and used in various scientific fields for curing the disease and regeneration of a body part. Some cells are more specialized than others. Stem cells since they are not specialized can be differentiated to any tissue of choice. But the availability of stem cells was impossibility until recent times. Now researchers have found an abundant source of stem cells with the potential to treat a number of diseases in dentistry including craniofacial disorders, deficient jaws, cleft lip and palate, traumatized teeth etc. The purpose of this article is to provide an understanding of the basic biology and sources of stem cells and review the clinical applications of dental stem cells in particular