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Skin changes in indian elderly : a clinical study

Authors:Sanyogita Singh, B. S. Rathore, Arvind Krishna
Int J Biol Med Res. 2017; 8(1): 5793-5798  |  PDF File

Abstract

Background : Aging can be defined as the process by which organisms proceed through a physical deterioration of the body. Skin reflects the physiological signs of aging. Aged skin is more fragile and less able to repair than young skin. Promoting healthy skin in older people not only prevents physical skin deterioration, but also has a major impact on their quality of life. Objective : The aim of this work was to study the skin changes in elderly and their correlation with age and gender of elderly, also to know correlation between skin changes in elderly and cumulative sun exposure. Patients and methods : All patients aged 60 years and above of either sex, presented to out-patient and in-patient department of dermatology were recruited for the study. A detailed history, demographics, complete dermatological examination, along with routine investigations whenever required were recorded in predesigned proforma. Results : Among the skin changes wrinkling was the commonest finding and was seen in all the cases (100%). Other most prevalent findings were xerosis (48%), seborrheic keratosis (44.7%), cherry angiomas (44%), senile comedones (38.3%), idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis (31.7%), senile lentigenes (31.3%), sunken eyes (18%), senile purpura (15.7%), and mucosal hyperpigmentation (14.7%). Conclusion : A thorough knowledge of the skin changes in elderly is of prime importance for the dermatologists to improve quality of life of elderly.