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Vulvar disease in children : a clinical study’

Authors:Garima Singh , B.S. Rathore, Abhishek Bhardwaj ,Charu Sharma
Int J Biol Med Res. 2017; 8(4): 6128-6130  |  PDF File

Abstract

Children present with vulvar complaints less frequently than do adults; although there are many similarities between paediatric and adult groups of patients with vulvar disease, there are also important differences6. Vulvar disease in adults is an increasingly well researched field; however, there remains little in the literature on the subject of vulvar disease in the pediatric age group. Hence this study was conducted to determine the clinical pattern of vulvar dermatoses in children. Aims: To evaluate the clinical pattern and relative frequency of vulvar dermatoses among pediatric patients at a Tertiary health care centre. Settings and Design: Prospective, observational study. Methods and Material: All pediatric female patients aged less than 12 years attending the outpatient department of Dermatology and Gynaecology, who presented with vulvar complaints were included in the study. Results: A total of 30 pediatric female patients with vulvar dermatoses were included in the study. Mean age of study group was years. A total of 11 different types of vulvar dermatoses were noted. Most common group of dermatoses noted in our study was infections and infestations that were observed in 23 (76.66%) cases. The 3 most common vulvar dermatoses noted in our study were vulvar candidiasis which was observed in 7 (23.33%) cases followed by scabies in 6 (20%) and tinea cruris in 5 (16.66%) cases. Conclusion: To conclude, the vulva is a part of the skin and is affected by dermatological diseases which have a predilection for the genital area. A significant number of children present with vulvar complaints, so a knowledge of pediatric vulvar dermatoses is important for the treating clinicians.