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Bioactive compound profiling and green synthesis of silver nanoparticle; its characterization using bamboo shoot extract

Authors:Rashmi T S*, Divyashree K, Gagan, Kiran Kumar M S
Int J Biol Med Res. 2018; 9(1): 6235-6244  |  PDF File

Abstract

From the time immortal Bamboos were accustomed for their high nutritive values and less fat content so it has immense clamour in medical field. Attributable to this nobel medicinal property of Bamboo, present study is designed to appraise the presence of bioactive compounds in tender Bamboo shoot extract and green synthesis of silver nanoparticles. Three different solvent extracts of bamboo shoots namely chloroform, aqueous and ethanol were subjected to screening of bioactive compounds. Study unveils the extensive presence of bioactive compounds such as saponins, flavonoids, phenols, glycosides, tannins etc. The quality outcome from screening put forth to green synthesis of silver nanoparticles. Current scientific world is in need of appropriate biological method of nanoparticle synthesis to replace chemically synthesizing one, on this note present study will surely become one of the novel tool because it is environmentally benign, low cost and intoxicant. The synthesized nanoparticles were characterized by UV-visible spectroscopy, scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), dynamic light scattering (DLS), atomic force microscope (AFM) and energy dispersive X-ray diffraction (EDAX). Reduction of silver metal ions into silver nanoparticles was confirmed by a peak at 420nm in UV-visible spectra. XRD analysis reveals the crystalline nature of synthesized nanoparticles. Spherical shape of the synthesized nanoparticles were detected by the images of SEM. The hydrodynamic diameter (53.2nm) and positive zeta potential (82.1mV) were analysed by DLS.