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Epidemiological, characteristics and complication of clavicular fractures among patients in baghdad

Authors:Saman Mohammad AbdulRazaq
Int J Biol Med Res. 2021; 12(3): 7360-7363  |  PDF File

Abstract

In recent years, collarbone fractures have been a common occurrence among adults and the elderly. This study aimed to assess the characteristics of clavicle fracture among patients and, also to identify the complication of clavicle fracture; whether it had an impact on treatment ways during the period of study. A cross-sectional study was conducted in eight general hospitals in Baghdad during the period from August 2020 up to May 2021 in order to determine the epidemiology and characteristics of people with collarbone fractures. The sample size was 130 samples. The information was collected directly from the patient or the patient’s relative. STATA 20 software package was used to calculate the figures and perform all the tests at the P value <0.05 was considered as statistically significant. The mean age and SD was 38.4±14.3; highest frequency 30% of clavicle fracture occurred among them in the age groups more than 45 years old and 27.69% in the age 26 to 35 years old. The majority of them were male 75.38% and 24.62% were female. Most of them 71.54% were exposed to clavicular fracture as an accident by car, cycling and motorcycle. 59.23% of them suffering from the middle fracture. There is highly significant association has been found between the age groups and AO/OTA classification at the p. value =0.0002 and, significant relationship has been found between the sites of fracture with AO/OTA classification at the p. value less than 0.05. Weak /slow recoveries were the main complication of clavicle fracture among studied samples. We need to encourage the clinicians to attend the scientific conferences and educational seminars.