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Nutritional status of children at anganwadi centers in urban kolar, a study in southern part of india after second wave of covid -19 pandemic

Authors:Akshath K S , Srihari Alapati , Balasunder B C , Beere Gowda Y C , Thageeru Mahesh kumar
Int J Biol Med Res. 2023; 14(4): 7635-7637  |  PDF File  |  Category: Nutrition

Abstract

Background: One of the major causes of death and morbidity in under-five children is malnutrition. The morbidity and mortality from malnutrition can be decreased, and the nutritional condition of children can be improved, by being aware of various risk factors. Objective: To measure the height/length, weight, and mid-upper arm circumference of Anganwadi children. To assess the nutritional status of Anganwadi children aged 1 to 5 years old in Kolar town, Karnataka. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was undertaken among 560 children in the age group of 1 to 5 years in 93 Anganwadi centers (AWCs) of Kolar town a district in Karnataka to determine the nutritional status. Results: In the study, 28.39% belonged to the age group 12-24 months, and the mean age being 34 ┬▒ 14. 49.64% were male and 50.36% were female children. 42.68% of mothers & 45.89% of fathers studied till high school. In our study, the overall prevalence of underweight, stunting, and wasting were found to be 13.75%, 14.11%, and 15.89%, respectively. Conclusion: According to this study's findings, compared to NFHS-5 data, the prevalence of moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) is on the lower side, and there is no evidence of severe acute malnutrition (SAM). Greater parental variables, especially the mother's education, occupation and socioeconomic level are helpful in preventing childhood malnutrition.