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Bioremediation and information technologies for sustainable management

Authors:Jyoti Prakash, Aryan Shukla , Ruchi Yadav
Int J Biol Med Res. 2023; 14(4): 7702-7711  |  PDF File  |  DOI No.: 11.2023-56283519

Abstract

Abstract. Bioremediation is a process by which microscopic organisms' decay, attenuate, transform, eliminate, or neutralise chemicals from soil and water. Microbiologists, biotechnologists, and environmentalists are trying to figure out new bioremediation techniques to dispose of these environmental pollutants. We not only need to find methods to dispose of these pollutants but also replenish these resources back to the mother nature. In bioremediation a biological agent, usually a microbe, is utilized to mend or degrade a toxic waste or pollutant from our natural environment, usually from soil. This review paper focuses upon the current bioremediation techniques, its advantages, drawbacks, and prospects. Considering all the possible ways to deal with pollutants and recover contaminated soil, bioremediation is found to be the most effective, clean, and affordable management tool. In recent years, in situ, ex-situ and permeable reactive barrier techniques have seen strong scientific growth, especially due to the rise of bioinformatics. Not only microbes, including aerobes, anaerobes, and fungi, but plants also are observed to be very good in remediation of the pollutants in the environment.