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Male infertility- facts, causes and a few traditional medicinal plants with potent aphrodisiac, anti- infertility activity-mini review

Authors:M Angappan, P.Pasupathi
Int J Biol Med Res. 2024; 15(1): 7764-7770  |  PDF File

Abstract

Infertility is the incapability of a sexually active, non-contracepting couple to accomplish pregnancy in one year. Over the past years the number of individuals suffering from infertility is increasing. Infertility is a major problem in up to 15% of the sexually active population and male factor is accountable in 50% of these cases. Male infertility is a world-wide health and social problem. In India alone, the number stands at 30 million and in half of such cases, men are responsible for the current situation. Male sexual dysfunction (MSD) could be caused by numerous factors. These include psychological illness, androgen deficit, chronic medical conditions, diabetes, hypertension, vascular insufficiency, penile disease, pelvic surgery, neurological disorders, drug side effects, life style, aging and systemic diseases. Fertility pill, better known as fertility medications are drugs which enhance reproductive fertility. Management of male infertility is always a difficult task with current modern medical treatment option. Plants have a great ability for producing new drugs for human benefit. Plants used in traditional medicine contain a vast array of medicinal ingredients that can be used to treat male infertility. Various plants and poly herbal formulations are used for the treatment of male infertility. This review provides basic information on male infertility, causes, and a few medicinal plants with potent aphrodisiac activity.