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A study of anemia among adolescent girls in rural area of hassan district, south india

Authors:Dr. Siddharam S Metri, Dr. GM Venketsh, Dr. Thejeshwari HL
Int J Biol Med Res. 2011; 2(4): 922 – 924  |  PDF File

Abstract

Abstract: To estimate the prevalence of anemia among adolescent girls and to study the socio-demographic factors associated with anemia. Materials and methods: A cross sectional survey was conducted in selected Anganwadi centres of rural area of Hassan district. Three and Fourteen adolescent’s girls (10-19 yrs old) were included in the study. The study was conducted from February to April 2011 (3 moths).Data analysis was done by using proportions and Chi-square test. Results: Prevalence of anemia was found to be 45.2%. A statically significant association was found with iron deficiency anemia, weight loss and anemia, pallor and anemia. In the present study it was seen that among the 45.2% of anaemic adolescent girls 40.1% had mild anaemia, 54.92% had moderate anaemia and 4.92% had severe anaemia. Conclusion: A high prevalence of anemia among adolescent girls was found, which was higher in low economic strata. It was seen that anemia affects overall nutritional status of adolescent girls.