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Quality of life and restricted activity days among the old aged

Authors:Laxmikant Lokare, Manjunath S Nekar, Mahesh Venkatesh
Int J Biol Med Res. 2011; 2(4): 1162 - 1164  |  PDF File

Abstract

Aims: 1) To determine the health related problems among the elderly 2) To determine the different domains of Quality of Life affected and Restricted Activity Days in elderly population. Methods: Community based cross sectional study on 200 geriatric subjects (>60yrs) by simple random sampling for a period of 6 months February 2010 to July 2010. WHOQOL-BREF scale was used to assess the Quality of Life. Data was analyzed statistically by chi-square test and Z test. Results: 72.5% were in the age group of 61 to 70 yrs, 52% were males and 50% belonged to poor socio-economic status and 94% were literates. Vision problems (64%), arthritis (55.5%), hypertension (47.5%), diabetes (38.5%) constituted the bulk of morbidity. Physical domain was affected significantly in quality of life. Mean duration of Restricted Activity Days among males and females is 58.26±4.31days per year and 60.55±4.42 days per year respectively. Conclusion: Vision problems, arthritis, hypertension, diabetes constituted the bulk of morbidity. Physical domain was affected significantly in quality of life. Geriatric clinics can improve the health status of the elderly population by screening to detect the morbidities early and creating the same awareness in them.