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Prevalence of premenstrual syndrome and dysmenorrhoea among female medical students and its association with college absenteeism

Authors:Anandha Lakshmi S. Priy M, Saraswathi I, Saravanan A, Ramamchandran C
Int J Biol Med Res. 2011; 2(4): 1011 -1016  |  PDF File

Abstract

Aim and objectives: To evaluate the prevalence of menstrual problem especially dysmenorrhea and pre-menstrual syndrome and its severity in female medical students and its association with college absenteeism. Methodology: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study; conducted on 300 female medical students, all participants were given a questionnaire to complete; questions were related to menstruation elucidating variations in menstrual patterns, history of dysmenorrhea and pre-menstrual syndrome and its severity and absenteeism from college/class; to detect the severity of dysmenorrhea we used the verbal multi-dimensional scoring system, participants were given 20 minutes to complete the questionnaire. Results: The prevalence of dysmenorrhea was 51% and that of the pre-menstrual syndrome was 67%; Only 9.7% of the students consulted a physician or pharmacist. 22.1% of students with dysmenorrhoea reported limitation of daily activities. Increase in BMI is significantly associated with pre-menstrual syndrome (p = 0.035) but its association with dysmenorrhoea was not significant (p = 0.259). There exists a strong association between lack of physical exercise and pre-menstrual syndrome (p value 0.005) but not with dysmenorrhoea (p = 0.3). diet pattern of consuming fast foods frequently is significantly associated with pre-menstrual syndrome (p = 0.05) and not with dysmenorrhoea. Severity of dysmenorrhoea is significantly associated with college absenteeism (p = 0.005).Conclusion: Dysmenorrhea and PMS is highly prevalent among female medical students, it is related to college/class absenteeism. Maximum participants do not seek medical advice and self-treat themselves.