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Socio-demographic profile of hiv patients at ictc, caims, karimnagar

Authors:Dr. Mohd. Shafee, Dr. Bhandarkar PN, Dr. Kannan K, Dr. Jogdand GS
Int J Biol Med Res. 2011; 2(4): 1023 – 1025  |  PDF File

Abstract

Aims: To study the socio-demographic profile of HIV patients Settings and Design: In this cross-sectional study, all patients who were HIV seropositive diagnosed at ICTC were included. Methods and Material: This study was performed from Oct. 2006 to Dec. 2010. The Data was obtained on a predesigned proforma by personal interview. Statistical analysis used: Percentage, Mean, Standard Deviation, Chi-Square Test. Results: Out of 491 patients, reported to ICTC, 280(57.02%) were male, and 211(42.97%) were females. Out of that 163(58.2%) of males and females were referred by various department in the hospital. Majority of patients were from rural setting i.e. 233 (83.2%) males and 182(86.2%) females. Out of 491 patients, 140 (50%) among males and 150 (71.1%) among females were illiterate. Regarding occupation, 129(45.9%) of males and 76(36.2%) of females were cooli workers (daily wages) followed by agriculture, housewife, drivers and unemployed. About 216(77.1%) males and 144(68.2%) females were living with their spouse and the spouse HIV positive status was about 92(32.9%) among males and 105(49.8%) among females. Multiple sexual partners were identified as the major risk behaviour among our patients, i.e. 202(72.1%) among males and 120(56.9%) among females, followed by drug abuse, homosexuality, vertical transmission and others. The mean CD4 count among the 232 patients count was 270.63 cells per cubic millilitre and the mean age was 33.96 years with the standard deviation of 11.28. Conclusions: Epidemiological studies should be carried out in various settings to understand the role and complex relations of innumerable behavioural, social and demographic factors, which will help, interrupt and control the transmission of HIV/AIDS.