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Cigarette smoking habits among senior secondary school students in lagos, south west nigeria

Authors:O.O Adeyeye
Int J Biol Med Res. 2011; 2(4): 1047 – 1050  |  PDF File

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is an important health hazard and a major cause of preventable morbidity and mortality worldwide. Young people particularly in developing countries are taking on this habit despite the hazards. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The cross-sectional study was conducted in Lagos, South West Nigeria. Students responded to the standard questionnaire recommended for smoking survey habits in young people. The participating students were from six randomly selected senior secondary schools in three local government areas of Lagos. The Local governments were selected by Stratified random sampling. A total of 1,174 questionnaires were analysed. RESULT: There were 140 current smokers giving a smoking prevalence of 12.5% among the students. More males 88 (16.1) smoked compared with females 36 (7.1) There were 54 (4.8) Ex-smokers. The peak age onset of cigarette smoking was 12.82.5 years for the males and 11.4 2.6 years for females. The mean age of current smokers was 16.1 1.7 years with a mean smoking duration of 3.95 years. The mean quantity of cigarette smoked was 3.7 sticks per day. The reasons given for starting cigarette smoking were peer group influence, curiosity and desire to express maturity. Factors encouraging sustenance of the habit were more frequently a search for pleasure and to reduce stress. Having parents, friends or siblings who are smokers also increase the likelihood of smoking among the students. CONCLUSION: This study showed a rather high prevalence of cigarette smoking among senior secondary school students in Lagos.